One Short Trip

Amer Fort Or Amber Fort - Jaipur

Amer is also called “Amber fort”.  It is 11 kilometers away from the city of Jaipur, Rajasthan State, India. Amer Fort was built in pink and yellow sandstone by Maharaja Mansingh I in 1592. Maharaja Mansingh I was one of the most trusted generals of Akbar, and was one of the ‘Navaratnas’ (nine gems) in the royal court of Akbar.

History Of Amer Fort 

The initial palace built (Royal Residence) from 9th century to 15th century can be seen from above the Amar fort. It is also known as the ‘Jodha Bai Mahal’, but Jodha Bai Mahal is in Fatehpur Sikri – Agra. Hence, this Mahal is called ‘Kadmi Mahal’ (kadmi means prachen/old). As Raja Mansingh had 12 wives he felt this palace was very small, he started to build ‘Amar Mahal’ in the year 1575. The ‘ladies quarters’ took 25 years for completion. Then ‘Diwan-I-Aam’ and ‘Kali Mata Ka mandir’ were constructed, which is now the private property of the royal family. The second portion of the fort was constructed by Mirza Raja Jai Singh II, which included ‘Diwan-I-Khas’, ‘Sheesh Mahal’ and also the fort wall which is 12 kms long on which you see ‘Jaighad’ which was for (defence) the army. 

There is a tunnel connecting the two forts which is 1.5 kms long, now closed by the government for security purpose. The last Raja, Sawai Jaisingh who believed in astrology and vastu shastra started the restoration of the fort. He started the restoration of the palace in the 16th century and completed it in the 18th century, which took 137 years.

About Amer Fort  

The name of the fort actually is ‘Amber’ but in Poland ‘B’ is silent so it is called ‘Amer fort’. There are four reasons behind keeping this name. According to purana (mythology), this place is called ‘Ambika Vann’ linked with Lord Krishna. Rajasthan was famous for ‘Meena clan’ (those who ruled Rajasthan) and ‘Ambrish’ was one of them. Ambrish Meena was defeated by the Royal Kushrao whose generation are now staying in the City Palace, whose kuldevta (family goddess) is ‘Amba Mata’. Hence the name Amber/ Amer fort.

Amer fort is surrounded by the Aravalli hills. The fort was built in such a place that they could see if any of the intruders were trying to enter the area of Jaipur. There is a boundary wall constructed over the Aravalli hills which extends upto 12 kms. There is also ‘Jaigarh fort’ over the hills which was constructed for the army, where you can see the largest canon called ‘Jaiwan’. Amer fort overlooks the ‘Maotha lake’ in the town of Amer. 

There are two entrances to the fort, one for the royal family called ‘Suraj Pol’ and the other for the regular public called ‘Chand Pol’.  To enter through Suraj Pol you will have to walk a ramp which is around 500 metres or can go on an elephant’s back. To enter through Chand Pol there is not much to walk because you can take your vehicle and park in the parking area nearby. The area of the Amer fort is 4 square kilometres.

The town of Amer was originally built by the Meena’s. From the year 1552 – 1614 it was ruled by Raja Mansingh I. As you enter inside the fort you can see a parade ground which is called ‘Jalebi Chowk’, where the soldiers used to practice parade. There is a 3rd gate and it is called ‘Singh Pol’ at Jalebi Chowk. This entrance was constructed by Sawai Jai Singh for security purpose. The entrance looks wide and easy to enter, if by chance the invader attacked the fort, they would rush towards this gate and break open easily, but they would be trapped from all sides as the further passage is very narrow. Near the ‘Moon gate’ – Chand Pol, there used to be a horse stable. This gate is for the commoners.


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Ganesh Pol
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Jalebi Chowk
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Janana Bagh

‘Deewan-e-aam’ was constructed by Mansingh I (1589-1614). Durbar and festivals were celebrated with the local people at this place. There are a total number of 64 pillars, out of which 48 are double pillars on the outer circle and 16 single pillars inside. The outer double pillars are made of red sandstone which were brought from ‘Karauli’, while the single pillars are made of white marble which were found locally. On the roof you can see white and red stone layers used, it is called the ‘ladab roof’. On the pillars you can see ‘elephant holding lotus in its trunk’ which is the symbol of Hindus and at the base of the pillar you can see ‘flower and leaf design’ which is Mughal architecture. Behind Deewan-e-aam you can see closed rooms which were the billiards room constructed by Sawai Ram Singh II (1835-1880). 

27 Kacheri

After Deewan-e-aam you can see ‘27 Kacheri/ Office’, which is on the right side behind Deewan-e-aam. According to the guide, we come to know that there were 27 petty rulers under the Jaipur rulers. So 27 officers were allotted to meet the people coming from these rulers, who kept an account of the revenue collected.

Dil Aaram Bagh or Dayaram Bagh
Behind the 27 Kacheri / Office, you can see the 12 kms boundary wall and when you look down you can see ‘Maota Lake’. There is a garden constructed in the lake called ‘Mohan Bagh’. On the left side of the lake you can see ‘Dil Aaram Bagh’ or ‘Dayaram Bagh’. These Gardens are named after Mohan and Dayaram. They were the workers of Mirza Raja Jai Singh, who had constructed ‘Sheesh Mahal’, which was constructed completely with glass and mirrors. Happy with the work done by Mohan and Dayaram, Raja Mansingh I named the gardens after their them. Mohan Bagh is also called ‘Kesar Bagh’. Mirza Jai Singh had brought kesar from Kashmir and tried to grow it in this garden, but was not successful due to the weather condition.
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Maota Lake
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Mohan Bagh
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Mughal style architecture on Suhag Mandir
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Sheesh Mahal
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Sheesh Mahal
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Hammam ( Royal Bath )

Bathrooms were known as ‘Hammam’ – (Turkish bath). Before entering the royal bath you can see ‘geyser’ without electricity. You can see a structure from outside where wood used to be burnt and inside there was a room where water used to be stored.  The water would get heated because the walls of the water tank were lined with copper and was plastered. There were two tanks, one where the water to be heated was kept and the other one was the normal water. When the water was heated, there were two holes from which hot and cold water used to run down through the channels down on the ground and fill the bathtub. The water was perfumed with Gulab (rose) petals or kewda perfumes. The roof of the bathroom is designed like a diamond. The plastering done on the walls of the bathroom is so fully polished that you can see your reflection and it was constructed around 300 to 400 years ago with limestone. There are different areas in the bathroom : like one for the massage, the other used as changing room. etc.

Ganesh Pol 

Ganesh gate is very beautiful to look at. It is covered with fine art of flowers and leaves. The paintings are called ‘Fresco painting’ which was done around 300 years ago. The colours of these paintings were processed from vegetables. When you enter through this gate, the borders of the roof are painted with various precious stones like emerald,  blue sapphire. etc. In the middle of the art if you happen to see yellow lines, they are nothing but gold. The door of Ganesh Pol is made of Rosewood and covered with brass, which is around 300 to 350 years old.

Standing on the 1st floor of ‘Ganesh Pol’
if you see the roof of ‘ Diwan-E-Khas / Sheesh Mahal’, the roof looks like the ‘Hindu Doli’. This architecture resembles Hindu style.
The roof structure of ‘Suhaag Mandir’ looks like ‘Muslim Doli’, Hence this is a fort where we can see both Hindu and Mughal style architecture at the same place.

Char Bagh, Janana Bagh or Mughal Garden
After Ganesh Pol you see a garden inside Amar fort called ‘Char Bagh’, ‘Janana Bagh’ or ‘Mughal Garden’.  The design of this garden is taken from Mughal carpet, hence called Mughal Garden. On one side of this garden is ‘Sheesh Mahal’, on the outside is ‘Sukh Mandir’ or ‘Sukh Niwas’.
Sukh Niwas (Pleasure Palace)

Here the king and queen would take rest during summers. It was built in such a way that it would act as an air conditioner. In the hall, we can see a channel (Jhaliya in hindi) through which the water used to flow. There would be overhead water tanks in which they would add perfumes (attar). The perfumed water would flow in these channels. The breeze coming in contact with this water would become cool as well as it would carry perfume (fragrance). They used to put curtains made from ‘poppy grass’ which would hold the cool breeze as well as the perfume inside the hall. Below you can observe the water drain which is now covered with glass. But the design on the channel looks like the ‘lehariya saree’ worn by the Rajasthanis. On the roof you can see four rings which were used to hold the Jhoola (swing). While swinging they used to put their feet in this water channel and felt relaxed.

Sheesh Mahal or Diwan-E-Khas

Sheesh Mahal also called ‘Diwan-E-Khas’ or ‘Jai Mandir’ was constructed during Mirza Jaisingh’s rule (1621- 1667). The king held meetings only with important people like his Ministers, Chief Army Officer or an Ambassador from the other Kingdoms here. It is called ‘Sheesh Mahal’ because of the intricate art work done using glass and mirrors. These glass and mirrors were brought from Belgium. The art work was done by Dayaram and Mohan. Around the mirror work they have also use gold to highlight the art. There are two doors on both sides of Sheesh Mahal which leads to winter bedroom of the two queens of Mirza Jaisingh (his wives ‘Suraj Kuvar’ and ‘Chand Kuvar’). If you come during evening after sunset, you have to use the torch to see the beauty of the Sheesh Mahal. This is the most visited tourist attraction in the palace.

Suhag Mandir 

Suhag Mandir which is built over Ganesh Pol was a place where only ‘Suhagan’ (only married women) were given permission to go inside. Young girls or widows were not allowed inside this hall. There are small windows through which the Ranis and the Maharani would shower flowers over the king after he returned winning a battle. There are also intricately design windows through which the ladies could see what was happening outside without being noticed by the outsiders.

Mansingh Mahal 

Mansingh Mahal was the initial construction done at Amer fort, it was the ladies apartment. We can see 12 apartments of Raja Mansingh’s 12 wives. There are three apartments each on all 4 sides (3 in the north, 3 in the south, 3 in the east, and 3 in the west). The apartment of the main queen and those constructed on the North and South are big, while those in the East and West are smaller comparatively. There is no partition wall between 11th and 12th apartment as it became the common area for all. This shows that the 11th and 12th wife had least importance. In the apartment of the main queen you can see bathtub, so those who have to take bath had to go to the 1st queen and request. After bath if they had to do Pooja they had to go to the apartment of the South queen in which the tulsi plant was kept. The apartment was built in such a way that all the Queens lived in harmony. Raja had built 4 apartments for himself on the 1st floor in all 4 directions. There is a narrow passage where 2 people cannot walk together. There are steps given to each apartment separately, where one Queen would not know where the Raja was or with which queen the king was. There is a courtyard in the middle of the apartment where all the ranis could assemble but with the permission of the main queen (Patrani) 

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Ganesh Pol
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Ganesh Pol
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Inside Ganesh Pol
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Windows at Suhag Madir

Amer Fort Entry Fees
Indians – ₹100
Foreign Tourist – ₹500

Amer Fort Timings 
Monday to Sunday  – 8:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. 
Reopen for lighting and sound show – 6.30 p.m. to 9:15 p.m.

Amer Fort Light & Sound Show Timings & Fees
Entry Fees – ₹295
Oct – Feb –  English  6.30 p.m. , Hindi 7.30 p.m.
Mar – Apr –  English  7.00 p.m. , Hindi 8.00 p.m.
May – Sep –  English  7.30 p.m., Hindi 8.30 p.m.

Amer Fort Elephant Ride Timing & Fees
Fees – ₹1100 carries 2 people 
Timing – 7:00 a.m. to 11:30 a.m

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Sheesh Mahal
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Sheesh Mahal
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Sheesh Mahal

Amber Fort Website

Amber Fort Email

Amber Fort Phone Number 
Landline   +91-141-2822863,
Landline   +91-141-2822864

Amber Fort Address 
Amber Palace
Devisinghpura, Amer,
Jaipur, Rajasthan

Amber Fort Accommodation 

There is no accommodation inside Amber fort, there are a few Boarding & Lodging near the fort.
However if you are looking for Royal Accomodation (Heritage Properties) you can check – Heritage

Places to Visit Near Amber Fort

Birla Mandir
Jantar Mantar 
Hawa Mahal 
Jaigarh Fort 
Jal Mahal 
Nahargarh fort 
Panna Meena Ka Kund 
Maharaja Sawai Mansingh II Museum

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Hindu style architecture on Sheesh Mahal
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Suhag Mandir
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Amber Fort Distance
From Jaipur – 13 kilometres 
From Ajmer- 148 kilometres 
From Jodhpur- 365 kilometres
From Delhi – 254 kilometres

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How to reach Amber Fort


3B & AC5 are direct busses available from the Jaipur City
Ticket Approximately  ₹30 Person. (Duration 35 Min)

U can also take shared auto rickshaw (Tuk-Tuk) to Amber fort from Jaipur City which is 13 – 14 kilometres,  ₹10/ Person /Per Kilometer

Private auto rickshaw to Amber fort  – ₹500/One way, ₹850 both ways


The city is well connected from all sides, you can take auto rickshaw or taxi from Jaipur Junction railway station 



Nearest Jaipur International Airport (International / Domestic Airport) is 20 kilometres from Amer fort
Drivetime approximately 40min –  1hr   

Bike / Car
Jaipur city bus station) – Ajmer Road –  MI Road –  Pink City – Parasrampuri – Amer Road –  Amer Fort

NOTE – Information mentioned above is completely based the information that i received from the tourist guide

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